Building on more than ten years of experience in Lebanon, BPSPII aims to help the Internal Security Force’s (ISF) transition from a police ‘force’ to a more effective and accountable police ‘service’. It also seeks to support the ISF deal with emerging constraints related to Lebanon’s multi-layered crises. The programme’s theory of change is centred on supporting the ISF to become a more effective, responsive and accountable policing service, in order to build public trust and increase safety.
The beginning of BPSPII implementation in 2019 coincided with the onset of widespread public demonstrations across Lebanon, as a reaction to an ossified political system, rampant corruption, mismanagement of public funds and a deepening economic crisis. Since then, Lebanon's security situation has rapidly deteriorated, as unprecedented political, financial and health crises have hit the already beleaguered country. Threats such as heightened refugee/host tensions, latent sectarian conflict, the continued risk of terrorism also jeopardise social stability and security and represent substantial challenges for the ISF. The ISF will have to meet these challenges within a new political paradigm characterised by government austerity, public hiring freezes, and limited resources.